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Prof. Bhajan S. Grewal
Professorial Fellow
Phone number:
(03) 9919 1344
Email address:
bhajan.grewal@vu.edu.au

Qualifications
B Econ, MA, PhD (Economics)

Biographical note
After serving as the Founding Deputy Director for ten years (1993-2003), Professor Bhajan Grewal is currently a Professorial Fellow at the Centre for Strategic Economic Studies, and is also Director of the research program Governance and Regional Economies.

He has published widely, including ten books and numerous research reports and articles. As Guest Editor for the journal Public Finance and Management, he published in 2010 an international symposium on Global Financial Crisis and Public Finances. Another symposium on China’s Public Finances was published in the same journal in two volumes, in 2008-2009.

Professor Grewal has been also working on China’s economy and was the Team Leader of a study of China’s fiscal management reforms funded by the Asian Development Bank (ADB), which involved working closely with the Ministry of Finance in Beijing during 2003-04. The report of this project was published by the ADB in 2005, in both English and Mandarin. In 2009-10, Professor Grewal has worked on a study of China’s energy efficiency, examining the issues in the implementation of central Government policies at provincial and county levels. In China, he has also given seminars at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fiscal Science Research Institute of Ministry of Finance and the Chinese academy of Social Sciences.

He has also been invited many times by the Asian Development Bank Institute in Tokyo to speak at international seminars and workshops on public finance and fiscal management. In 1992-93, he was awarded JSPS Fellowship by the Japanese Society for Promotion of Science, to conduct research and give seminars in Japanese universities.
Professor Grewal has previously worked at the Punjabi University, India; the Australian National University; and James Cook University, where he was also Dean of the Faculty. Between 1983 and 1993, he was appointed Director of Revenue Policy and Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations in the Treasury Department of Government of Victoria.

Born in India, Professor Grewal has been living in Australia with his wife and two children since 1973.
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Publications

Books and reports

Sheehan, P., English, A., Grewal, B., Sweeny, K., Nielson, J., Sun, F. and Cheng, E. 2010, More Sustainable Energy Use in China: Economic Structure and the Application of New Technologies, Report to Australian Government Department of Climate Change (Canberra), CSES, Melbourne.

Sheehan, P., Grewal, B. et al. 2007, Building on the Western Australian Boom: The Drivers and Shapers of India’s Economic Development in the 21st Century, Western Australian Technology and Industry Advisory Council (TIAC), Perth.

Sheehan, P., Grewal, B. et al. 2007, Building on the Western Australian Boom: The Drivers and Shapers of China’s Economic Development in the 21st Century, Western Australian Technology and Industry Advisory Council (TIAC),Perth.

Grewal, B. and M. Kumnick (eds) 2006, Engaging the New World: Responses to the Knowledge Economy, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne.

Grewal, B. 2005, ADBI Capacity Building Workshops: An Evaluation Report, report to Asian Development Bank Institute, December.

Grewal, B. et al. 2005, Strengthening Fiscal Management and Policy Coordination in China, Final Report of ADB TA 3979: Fiscal Management Reforms in People’s Republic of China, ADB, Manila.

Grewal, B. et al. 2005, Strengthening Macroeconomic and Fiscal Coordination, Interim Report of Asian Development Bank TA3979: People’s Republic of China; Fiscal Management Reform, Component A, October.

Grewal, B. et al. 2004, Management of Public Expenditure: International Experience, Report prepared for the Ministry of Finance, People’s Republic of China, May.

Grewal, B., Xue, L., Sheehan, P. and Sun, F. (eds) 2002, China’s Future in the Knowledge Economy: Engaging the New World , Centre for Strategic Economic Studies, Victoria University, Melbourne and Tsinghua University, Beijing.

Matthews, R. and Grewal, B. 1997, The Public Sector in Jeopardy: Australian Fiscal Federalism from Whitlam to Keating, Centre for Strategic Economic Studies, Victoria University, Melbourne.

Sheehan, P., Grewal, B. and Kumnick, M. 1996, Dialogues on Australia’s Future: In Honour of the Late Professor Ronald Henderson, Centre for Strategic Economic Studies, Victoria University, Melbourne, 416 pp.

Grewal, B., Davenport, P., Puno, F., Sheehan, P. and Kumnick, M. 1996, Review of Methodology for the Distribution of Funding under the National Equity Program for Schools, Report of a Review conducted for the Australian Department of Employment, Education and Training, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 80 pp.

Brennan, G., Grewal, B. and Groenewegen, P. 1988, Taxation and Fiscal Federalism: Essays in Honour of Russell Mathews, Australian National University Press, Canberra, 250 pp.

Grewal, B.S., Brennan, G. and Mathews, R.L. (eds) 1980, The Economics of Federalism, Australian National University Press, Canberra, 432 pp.

Grewal, Bhajan S. (1975) Centre-State Financial Relations in India, Punjabi University Press, 1975.

Book chapters

Malhotra, P. and Grewal, B. 2008, ‘TRIPS-plus: Free trade agreements jeopardising public health in developing nations’, in Tran Van Hoa and C. Harvie (eds), Regional Trade Agreements in Asia, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.

Grewal, B. 2007, ‘Public finance’, entry in B. Galligan and M. Roberts (eds), Oxford Companion to Australian Politics, Oxford University Press, Sydney.

Grewal, B. 2007, ‘Taxation’, entry in B. Galligan and M. Roberts (eds), Oxford Companion to Australian Politics, Oxford University Press, Sydney.

Grewal, B. and Sun, F. 2006, ‘Regional Disparities: A Continuing Policy Challenge for China’, in B. Grewal and M. Kumnick (eds), Engaging the New World: Responses to the Knowledge Economy, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne.

Sheehan, P. and Grewal, B. 2005, ‘International Economics (business, finance and trade): Examples of Social Measurement’, in K. Kempf-Leonard (ed.), Encyclopaedia of Social Measurement, Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Grewal, B. and Sun, F. 2002, ‘Foreign Markets and Foreign Capital: The Role of Trade in China’s Economic Transformation’, in B. Grewal, P. Sheehan, Lan Xue, and F. Sun (eds) China’s Future in the Knowledge Economy: Engaging the New World, Centre for Strategic Economic Studies, Victoria University, and Tsinghua University, Beijing.

Grewal, B. and Sun, F. 2002, ‘Extending the Frontier of High Growth Inland: Implications for China’s Regional Policy’, in B. Grewal, P. Sheehan, Lan Xue, and F. Sun (eds) China’s Future in the Knowledge Economy: Engaging the New World, Centre for Strategic Economic Studies, Victoria University, and Tsinghua University, Beijing.

Grewal, B. and Mathews, R. 2001, ‘Impact of the High Court of Australia's Decisions on the Economy’, in A. Blackshield et al. (eds.), The Oxford Companion to The High Court of Australia, Oxford University, Press, Oxford, UK.

Sheehan, P. and Grewal, B. 2000, ‘Firms, Regions, and Strategy in a Diverging World: The Australian Case’, in John. H. Dunning (ed.), Regions, Globalization and the Knowledge-Based Economy, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 2000, pp. 303-327.

Grewal, B. 1998, ‘State Taxation and the High Court: Whither Australian Fiscal Federalism’, in C. van Wel and J. Quiggin (eds.), Contemporary Issues in Australian Economics: Essays in Honour of Professor Percy Harris, Central Queensland University Press, Rockhampton.

Journal articles

Grewal, B.S. and Ahmed, A.D. forthcoming 2011, ‘Is China’s Western Regional Development Strategy on Track? Journal of Contemporary China.

Grewal, B.S. and Ahmed, A.D. 2010, ‘China’s Western Region Development Strategy: Impact and stocktaking assessment’, International Advances in Economic Research, vol. 16, no. 2, Research Note.

Grewal, B.S. 2010, ‘Incomplete contracts and the evolution of Canadian federalism’, Public Finance and Management, vol. 10, no. 1.

Grewal, B.S. 2010, ‘Symposium on fiscal decentralization: Guest Editor’s Introduction’, Public Finance and Management, vol. 10, no. 1.

Grewal, B. 2009, ‘Introduction: China’s public finances: Expenditures, pensions and decentralization’, Public Finance and Management, vol. 9.

Grewal, B., Rasmussen, B. and Sheehan, P. 2009, ‘Governments, corporations and the financial crisis: Is this the end of private banks?’, Harvard International Review, March, online at: http://hir.harvard.edu/index.php?page=article&id=1853&p=2

Grewal, B. 2008, ‘Intergovernmental fiscal transfers for China’s harmonious society', Public Finance and Management, vol. 8, no. 4.

Sheehan, P. and Grewal, B. 2008, ‘Strategic change and the limits of central authority in China’, Public Finance and Management, vol. 8, no. 4.

Grewal, B. 2008, ‘Symposium on China’s Public Finances: Part 1: Development strategy, revenues and fiscal transfers’, Public Finance and Management, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 561-567.

Sheehan, P. and Grewal, B. 2004, ‘Understanding the evolution of Constitutional Federalism: the Case of Australia’, Public Finance and Management, vol. 4, no. 4.
Grewal, B. 2000, ‘Russell Lloyd Mathews: An Appreciation’, The Economic Record, vol. 76, no. 235, December, 401-411 (with A. D. Barton).

Grewal, B. 2000, ‘Australian Loan Council: Arrangements and Experience with Bailouts’, Inter American Development Bank, Research Network Working Paper R-397 Washington DC, November.

Von Hagen, J., Grewal, B. et al. 2000, ‘Subnational Government Bailouts in OECD Countries: Four Case Studies’, Inter American Development Bank, Research Network Working Paper R-399, Washington DC, November.

Grewal, B. 1999, ‘Governance deficit: A Fundamental Challenge to Australia’s Economic Future’, The Otemon Gakuin Bulletin for Australian Studies, vol. 25, December, pp. 11-33.

Grewal, B. 1999, ‘Regional Divergence: A Challenge to Australia’s Approach to Fiscal Equalisation’, The Otemon Gakuin Bulletin for Australian Studies, vol. 25, December, pp. 35-57.

Grewal, B. and Davenport, P. 1999, ‘The Shifting Boundaries of Social Welfare in The Australian Federation’, Australasian Journal of Regional Studies, vol. 5 no. 1.

Grewal, B. 1998, ‘The IMF and the Asian Crisis’, Committee for Economic Development of Australia Bulletin, October, pp. 14-16.

Grewal, B. 1988, ‘Criteria for Tax Reform’, Government and Policy, vol. 6, pp. 7-20.
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Seminars and Conference Presentations

Grewal, B. 2011. ‘Addressing Global Challenges to Sustainable Development: the Role of R&D and Innovation’, presentation made at the Research Council of Oman, Muscat, 23 January.

Grewal, B. 2011. ‘Synchronizing Fiscal and S&T Policies of Oil-based Countries’, Workshop presentation made at the Research Council of Oman, Muscat, 22 January.

Grewal, B. 2010. ‘Achieving Sustainable Change in a Decentralized Economy: Intergovernmental and Fiscal Challenges, presentation made at the ERI-CSES International Conference on China’s Energy Efficiency, Climate Change, and Development Strategy, Beijing, 9-10 September. Online: http://www.cfses.com/documents/events/2010‐Conf/BhajanGrewal_PolicyImplementation&Finance‐CSES‐ERIBeijingConference10September.pdf

Grewal, B. 2010. ‘Integration of basic public services in urban and rural areas of China: Implications for fiscal sustainability’, paper presented at the International Forum on China’s Rural Reform in the 12th Five Year Plan, China’s Institute for Rural Development (CIRD) Haikou, Hainan, PR China, 7-8 August.

Grewal, B. 2009. ‘The Evolution of Fiscal Federalism: Lessons from Canada”, paper presented at the 67th International Atlantic Economic Conference, Rome, Italy, March 2009.

Grewal, B. 2008, ‘Equalisation of Basic Public Services and Distribution of Intergovernmental Fiscal Transfers’, invited and refereed paper presented at the International Conference on Equalization of Basic Public Services: Progress, Trends, Challenges and Future Measures, China Institute for Reform and Development (CIRD), Haikou, Hainan, P.R. China, on 23-24 February.

Grewal, B. 2008, ‘The Longer-term Stability of Fiscal Federalism’, invited paper presented at The Future of Federalism International Conference, TC Beirne School of Law, The University of Queensland University of Brisbane, Brisbane, 10-12 July. www.fedcon2008.net

Grewal, B. 2008, ‘Intergovernmental Fiscal Transfers: International Experience and Lessons for China’, invited and refereed paper presented at the AusAID funded China-Australia Governance Program (CAGP) International Seminar, Xi’an, China, 1 September.

Grewal, B. 2008, ‘From Input Controls to Outcome-Based Budgeting: The Case of Australia’, invited and refereed paper presented at the International Seminar on Establishing Comprehensive Budget Management System, jointly organised by the Budget Affairs Commission of the National People’s Congress of China, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) and China Australia Governance Program (CAGP) Conference Center of National People’s Congress, Beijing, China, 5-6 November.

Al-Rahbi, I., Grewal, B. and Sharma, S. 2008, ‘Three Common Misconceptions about the Knowledge Economy and their Relevance to the MENA Countries’, refereed paper presented at the International Conference on Globalisation, Economic Reforms, Aid and Democracy in the Arab World, Arab Thought Forum in Amman, Manchester Metropolitan University Jordan, 3-4 February.

Grewal, B. and Zhang, B. 2007, ‘Intergovernmental Fiscal Transfers for China’s Harmonious Society’, invited paper presented at the 63rd Annual Conference of the International Atlantic Economic Society, Savannah, Georgia, USA, 7-10 October.

Sheehan, P. and Grewal, B. 2007, ‘Strategic Change and the Limits of Central Authority in China.’ not refereed paper presented at the 63rd Annual Conference of the International Atlantic Economic Society, Savannah, Georgia, USA, 7-10 October.

Grewal, B. 2006, ‘Income Inequality in Australia’, invited paper presented at Graduate School of Management, Shanxi University of Finance and Economics, Taiyuan, China, 6 November.

Grewal, B. 2006, ‘Income Inequality in Australia’, invited paper presented at the Forum Role of Public Policies in Building a Harmonious Society, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing, 4 November.

Grewal, B. 2006, ‘Assignment of Revenue-raising Authority by Level of Government: The Australian Experience’, invited paper presented at the UNDP-MOF International Seminar on Public Finance in China, Wuhan, 27 July.

Grewal, B. 2006, ‘Assignment of Expenditure Responsibilities: the Australian Experience’, invited paper presented at the International Workshop on Fiscal System Reform, jointly organised by China’s National Development Reform Commission, Yunnan Provincial Development and Reform Commission, and the Academy of Macroeconomic Research (AMR), Kunming City, Yunnan Province, PRC, 20 July.

Grewal, B. 2006, ‘Distribution of Fiscal Transfers: Why Fiscal Capacity Equalisation Is Not the Right Policy for China’, refereed paper at the ACESA 2006 International Conference, Emerging China: Internal Challenges and Global Implications, Centre for Strategic Economic Studies, Victoria University, Melbourne, 13-14 July, http://www.cfses.com/06confchina/about.htm

Grewal, B. 2006, ‘Designing Fiscal Equalization for China’s Regional Disparities: Issues and Options’, invited paper presented at the 61st Annual Conference of International Atlantic Economic Society, Berlin, 15-19 March.

Grewal, B. 2006, ‘Local Government Expenditure Responsibilities: Principles and Practice’, invited presentation made at Asian Development Bank Institute’s Local Government Fiscal Reforms Seminar, Asian Development Bank Institute, Tokyo, 10 March.

Grewal, B. 2006, ‘Local Government Role and Budget management’, invited presentation made at Asian Development Bank Institute’s Local Government Fiscal Reforms Seminar, Asian Development Bank Institute, Tokyo, 10 March.

Grewal, B. and Malhotra, P. 2005, ‘Issues in Intellectual Property Rights in an Enlarged ASEAN’, paper presented at the International Seminar Enlarged ASEAN: Issues in Trade, Development and Integration, Centre for Strategic Economic Studies, Victoria University, Melbourne, 24–25 November.

Malhotra, P. and Grewal, B. 2005, ‘TRIPS-plus: Free Trade Agreements Jeopardizing Public Health in Developing Nations’, paper presented at Enlarged ASEAN: Issues in Trade, Development and Integration, Centre for Strategic Economic Studies, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia, 24-25 November.

Grewal, B. 2005, ‘Medium-term Expenditure Framework’, invited presentation at the workshop on Public Finance and Expenditure Management Course, Tokyo, 7–11 November.

Grewal, B. 2005, ‘Budget Formulation’, invited presentation at the workshop on Public Finance and Expenditure Management Course, Tokyo, 7–11 November.

Grewal, B. 2005, Overview of Public Expenditure Management’, invited presentation at the workshop on Public Finance and Expenditure Management Course, Tokyo, 7–11 November.

Grewal, B. 2005, ‘Intergovernmental Coordination for Superior PEM’, invited presentation at the workshop on Public Finance and Expenditure Management Course, Tokyo, 7–11 November.

Kulkarni, A., Grewal, B., Malhotra, P. and Bougias, G. 2005, ‘National Competitive Advantage and Skilled Migration: A Knowledge Economy Perspective’, refereed paper presented at the Globalisation, Migration and Labour Mobility in India and China Conference, ABERU, Monash University, 29-30 September 2005.

Grewal, B. 2005, ‘Budgets Deficits and Public Debt at Local Government Level’, invited paper presented at the International Seminar on Public Finances ADBI and Ministry of Finance (China), Xi’an, 5–9 September.

Grewal, B. 2005, ‘Definition of Responsibilities and Fiscal Powers of Different Levels of Government’, invited paper presented at the International Seminar on Public Finances ADBI and Ministry of Finance (China), Xi’an, 5–9 September.

Grewal, B. 2005, ‘Intergovernmental Fiscal Reforms: Overseas Experience’, invited paper presented at the International Seminar on Public Finances ADBI and Ministry of Finance (China), Xi’an, 5–9 September.

Grewal, B. 2004, ‘Fiscal Implications of Economic Globalisation and Knowledge Economy’, Lecture Delivered at the Institute of Policy & Management, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 4 November.

Grewal, B. 2004, ‘Fiscal Implications of Economic Globalisation and Knowledge Economy’, Lecture Delivered at the Research School of Management, Huazhong University of Technology, Wuhan, China, 27 November.

Grewal, B. 2004, ‘China’s Fiscal Policy in Retrospect and Prospect’, Lecture Delivered at the 5th International Forum on China’s Macroeconomic Performance and Policies: Current Situation and Prospects for the 11th Five-Year-Plan Period, the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, 10 December.

Grewal, B. 2004, ‘China’s Fiscal Policy in Retrospect and Prospect’, Lecture Delivered at the Shanxi University of Finance and Economics, Taiyuan, China, 13 December.

Grewal, B. 2004, ‘Fiscal Management Systems and Economic Stability’, Presentation made at ADB-Ministry of Finance International Seminar on Fiscal Policy and Economic Development, Xining, Qinghai Province, August 25.

Grewal, B. 2004, ‘Economic globalisation and fiscal policy: Some Lessons for China’, Presentation made at ADB-Ministry of Finance International Seminar on Fiscal Policy and Economic Development, Xining, Qinghai Province, August 25.

Grewal, B. 2004, ‘Fiscal Management Reforms in China: Preliminary Research Findings’, Presentation made at ADB-Ministry of Finance International Seminar on Fiscal Policy and Economic Development, Xining, Qinghai Province, August 27.

Grewal, B. 2004, ‘Intergovernmental fiscal relations in Australia: Coordination of Subnational Borrowing’, Presentation to Delegation from Ministry of Finance Officials, People’s Republic of China, Victoria University, Melbourne, 11 February.

Grewal, B. 2002, ‘National and Regional Economic and Administrative Challenges: Always Emerging but Never the Same’, Paper presented at OECD-UNDP International Symposium on WTO and Re-innovating China’s Public Administrative System, Beijing, 5-6 December.

Grewal, B. 2002, ‘Institutional Framework for Intergovernmental Relations and Coordination: Relevance of Australia’s Experience for China’, Paper presented at AusAID sponsored International Symposium on Public Administration Reforms, Chongqing, January 15-20, as a part of an AusAID supported China Capacity Building Program.